Pest like ants enter your home looking for food and water. In the first photo you'll see food that was left in a bin which attracted ants. Always put a plastic in your bins that you can remove when needed so that you can prevent activity from entering your home. Simple and effective....
Not sure if you have termite activity in your home? This muddy type of soil indicate termite activity. Remember termites will destroy anything wood in your property. They can even end up in the roof rafters. Eradicating the activity is much cheaper than replacing all wooden structures.
Cockroach infestation in a retail store. Before and after we eradicated the infestation.
Mosquitoes belong to the fly family, Diptera, and has four distinct life cycle stages, which include egg, larva, pupa and adult mosquito. Eggs are laid in “rafts” on the surface of bodies of water and water vegetation.
Some eggs are subjected to extremely harsh conditions for several months and only hatch when there is water, which clearly indicates that mosquitoes are around all year long, and not only during spring and summer as many believe. Under normal conditions most mosquito eggs hatch and become larvae (within a 48-hours).
There are in the region of 3 500 species of mosquito but only about 200 species collect blood from humans. Other species of mosquito drink blood from other animals and frogs.
South Africa’s Lowveld area is Malaria territory. The South African government is taking strides in making the area a low-risk Malaria region. The species of mosquito that carries the malaria parasite in this area are the Anopheles species.
South Africa has implemented a mosquito control programme aimed at using bacteria to control the numbers of mosquitoes, which forms crystals and is consumed by the larvae, in turn killing larvae. The bacteria are only successful for the elimination of larvae (not adult mosquitoes or eggs).
Mosquitoes form the major animal biomass in the Arctic region between Northern Canada and Russia where they lie dormant under the snow, erupting in massive swarms at the beginning of the warmer months. In the Arctic, mosquitoes have a great impact on the ecological system. Many scientists believed that half the bird population would vanish from the tundra if there were no mosquitoes.
Research has shown that the large herds of caribou migrate through the tundra facing the wind, selecting specific routes to rid themselves of mosquitoes; a swarm of mosquitoes can collect about 300ml of blood from each caribou a day. Because the caribou change their routes to avoid mosquitos, this impacts on the entire environment such as lichen growth, nutrient cycles, wolf movement and arctic ecology in general.
- The word “Malaria” is derived from the Italian which means “bad air” as it was at first believed that malaria was caused by the fumes of swamps in Rome. Romans were experiencing regular outbreaks in their city, hence the name
- Left untreated, Malaria is almost always fatal as the parasite is reproduced at an alarming speed in the bloodstream of the host
- Malaria kills a child every minute in Africa
- Malaria thrives in warm climates and can be found in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world, having held the world hostage for thousands of years
- According to the Department of Health in SA the statistics for Malaria are quite alarming and is seen as being the most hazardous disease on earth
- There are over 100 different types of Plasmodium parasites which can affect many different species, with five types that infect the human body
Prevention is always better than cure. Fight the bite when travelling to a malaria area and take anti-malarial pills that your doctor will prescribe. Use mosquito patches, nets, repellents and wear long sleeves and long socks which are all excellent preventative measures, especially when travelling to the bush. Mosquitoes are all-year-round bugs, therefore, being safe than sorry is always a good idea.
There are numerous ways and means to keep mosquitoes at bay around the home – keep pools and ponds clean and ensure there are no pooled bodies of water lying dormant.
If all else fails and you find you are simply not able to control these pests, it is wise to call in expert mosquito pest control specialists to eradicate the problem and to keep them at bay.
What Attracts Cockroaches? The most obvious thing that attracts cockroaches is food because it is food that helps them to thrive and keep them alive. Storing food properly in restaurants, homes, offices, shops, and factories is the number one deterrent against roaches, plus ensuring your environment is kept pristinely clean after using the services of a professional pest control company will ensure these nasty bugs will be kept at under control.
No matter how fastidious we are, there are times when these tenacious creatures simply won’t die! Calling in pest control experts is the only way to get rid of these clever creatures, plus it will take time and patience before roaches are eliminated – hence the need for continuing keeping your immediate environment clean.
Here are a few tips to keep cockroaches away
Never leave food out on counters and rinse out any empty containers if you are recycling to keep your environment bug-free. Never leave garbage overnight (cockroaches are nocturnal creatures); throw away rubbish every day.
When retiring at night it is advisable to wipe down all countertops and to clean floors. Any appliances on countertops need to be wiped down.
Ensure the spaces under counters, under refrigerators and freezers and stoves are also kept clean.
Always store all food in airtight containers off floors – this applies to pet food as well.
Fridges and freezers should seal properly.
Never leave old magazines, newspapers or cardboard boxes lying around as cockroaches love to feed on these and breed inside these.
Cockroaches are attracted to warm spots for shelter
Keep your environment clutter-free, and ensure your doors and windows are sealed.
Remember that cockroaches communicate through pheromones; that is why it is advisable to keep wooden surfaces clean (the pheromones soak into these surfaces) and to remove any cardboard.
Cockroaches love water and damp areas
Repair leaks and drips and ensure that the spaces between your sink and bath are kept dry with sealant and grouting.
Standing water attracts roaches to pets drinking water and avoid stagnant water in pot plants.
Keep bathmats, sponges, towels and dishcloths dry.
Cockroaches breed throughout the year and are therefore problematic all year round – they are not seasonal breeders. It is difficult to gauge what the cockroaches were attracted to in the first instance, but once they start breeding it is tough to get rid of an infestation.
Because most DIY treatments are often ineffective, it is far wiser to seek the services of your professional pest control experts to assist with the elimination of these problematic pests.
It is a surprising fact for most of us that there are thousands of cockroach species – there are in the region of 4 600 of these creatures. However, only about 30 of these species are viewed as being common pests. The most common cockroaches are between 15 mm and 300 mm in length. Some unusual and less common cockroaches can grow as much as 97 mm in length but thankfully these are native to remote parts of South America!
The colours typically range from light brown to a dark, red-brown and some are grey or white with characteristic markings.
Having evolved over thousands of years, these nocturnal creatures are highly adaptable and resourceful and can prove to be a nightmare to get rid of once they start breeding in your home or place of work.
In South Africa, alone, there are over 3 000 different cockroach species although the most common are the German Cockroach, the Oriental Cockroach, the Brown Banded Cockroach and the American Cockroach.
Cockroaches are carriers of several diseases including poliomyelitis, salmonella, diarrhoea, typhoid, gastroenteritis and dysentery, to name a few of the many.
The German Cockroach (Blatella Germanica)
- This roach is between 12 to 15 mm in length
- The German Cockroach is yellowish and brownish and has two distinct longitudinal black streaks on the pronotum.
- They have wings, although they don’t fly
- The female carries the ootheca which is attached to her abdomen until her nymphs reaching hatching stage and live from 100 to 200 days. The females produce between 4 to 8 ootheca (egg cases) throughout their lives
- They are nocturnal creatures
The Brown Banded Cockroach (Supella Longipalpa)
- These cockroaches are between 10 to 15 mm in length (adults)
- The Brown Banded roach is reddish/brown and has a yellow halo around the pronotum edge; furthermore, they have two light yellow/brown bands across their bodies, have a flat shape with prickly legs and longish antennae
- The males can fly
- The females glue their egg cases in closets and furniture and produce between 10 to 14 eggs cases with each case containing between 10 to 18 eggs
The Oriental Cockroach (Blatta Orientalis)
- Between 17 to 30 mm in length (adult)
- The Oriental Cockroach is very dark – almost black
- They have wings and do not fly
- They can live up to 500 days
The American Cockroach (Periplaneta Americana)
- The American Cockroach reaches 25 to 40 mm in length
- The American Cockroach has wings that are reddish which cover the abdomen – they have a yellow band around the pronotum
- They can fly
- They live for 450 days
- The females produce between 9 and 10 cases during their lifetime with each containing between 12 to 16 eggs
It is advisable to call in pest control experts regardless of what species infiltrates your premises, whether it is your home or place of work.
The big question is – what happens to termites, ants and flies when the spring rains arrive in South Africa? With the warmer weather fast approaching and the relief of spring rains arriving, some insects become more active; these include flies, ants, fleas and numerous other creepy crawlies. It is best to tackle a problem of this magnitude by calling in pest control exterminators to give advice and to address this problem before it gets out of control.
Ants belong to the hymenopteran species which live in highly organised nests and belong to a wingless caste. There are in the region of 8800 species of ants found throughout the world and make their home in numerous habitats, except in the freezing Arctic regions and extremely high altitudes.
The ants that are found in our homes throughout South Africa are referred to as black or red ants and are very different from white ants or termites. They also belong to a different sub-species, and although the lifecycles differ, a similar programme is implemented to control them that will be applied by your pest-control expert company.
Black ants generally become problematic in homes and if the problem is not tackled correctly, they can and will become more than just a nuisance as they are known to cause damage to paving areas and can cause the soil to collapse.
In some instances, these colonies, when multiplied in vast numbers, can damage plants and lawns.
In South Africa, we have two species of ants that are most common; they are Pharaoh ants and the common black ant (The former belongs to the Monomorium Pharaonis species, and the latter to the Lasius Niger species). Of the two species, the Pharaoh ant is the species that could pose the most risk to the health of humans as they are found in unhygienic areas such as garbage and drains and can, in turn, carry harmful pathogens.
DIY methods of getting rid of ants are often unsuccessful – it is advisable to call in pest control experts to eradicate the problem regardless of what time of the year it is.
We live with different ant species in South Africa – although we might think that we have two main types of ants in this country, we actually have 550 species that are known to us, and only a handful are viewed as being “pests”.
Some of the ant species that are commonly known to us include the Coastal Brown Ant, the Argentine Ant, the Black House Ant (perhaps the most problematic of them all), the Pavement Ant, The Garden Ant and The Fire Ant (we know how it hurts when one of these little fellers bite us).
South Africa enjoys a diverse and rich wildlife animal species; we have abundant creatures both large and small, and we have as many ant species as we have wildlife.
Here are a couple of examples of the prolific ant species we have living amongst us:
About the Argentine Ant
- They are dark brown in colour
- The worker ants of this species are almost 1.6 mm in length
- The queens and kings have wings which means that they can fly to find a mate
- The worker ants travel for extensive distances
- Their diet consists of dead or alive insects as well as sweet things, meat, cereals and grains
About the Coastal Brown Ant
- The Coastal Brown Ant is either yellow or brown in colour
- Coastal Brown Ants range in size from 1.5 mm to 2.5 mm in length
- They form small eggs and larvae which are fed by the adult ants
- The wingless ants are the workers and are sterile
- The males have wings which assist in finding mates
- The females are larger in size and enjoy longevity
- Nesting takes place in the soil
- Coastal Brown ants exist on a diet of fruit, sweet food and greasy food as well as meat
About Fire Ants
- The Fire Ants have copper heads and upper bodies, with darker abdomens
- The worker Fire Ants are between three to six mm in length
- The females can lay up to 125 eggs every spring
- The larvae are fed via the salivary glands of the queen ants
- Fire Ants destroy crops and invade both indoor and outdoor areas
- Fire Ants feed on dead animals as well as other insects and worms
About Pharaoh Ants
- The Pharaoh Ant workers are a brownish-yellow in colour with a brown abdomen
- Pharaoh Ant males are equipped with black wings which assist in the mating process
- Males are 3 mm in length, and the workers are between 1.5 mm and 2 mm in length; the queens, on the other hand, are 3.5 and 6 mm long
- These ants enjoy a diet rich in protein such as fat, meat, blood and dead insects
- Queens can produce as many as 3 500 eggs during their lifetime
- Colonies are large and consist of between a couple of hundred to 300 000 ants
The above descriptions include only a handful of ant species found in South Africa. There are, however, numerous other species that can be found in our environment and vary in size and colour. However, all ants enjoy phenomenal teamwork regardless of their species.
Getting rid of disease-carrying mice and rats professionally is the best way to keep these pests at bay. You may have spotted a lone mouse and are wondering if one mouse is serious enough to call in the professionals. Well if you see one think mouse infestation.
Why Getting Rid of Mice Professionally Matters
If you have spotted a lone mouse, it is almost guaranteed others are in proximity. The failure rate for getting rid of vermin by using DIY methods is high. Rodent populations increase at an alarming speed, so it is best to tackle the problem immediately and professionally.
How 1 Mouse Pair Can Turn into an Infestation
Although the breeding season is relatively short (about three months of the year), female mice can still produce between five and ten litters a year. Their gestation period is only 19 – 21 days but can be extended by several days if the female is producing. Then comes a litter of 3 – 14 little mice.
Mice get sexually mature at a very young age¾about six weeks, with a bodyweight of just 25 grams. They continue growing in weeks after that until they reach a weight of between 40 – 50 grams. Mice are born without fur and are also born blind. They become fully furred at about ten days, and they open their eyes at 14 days.
That means within a span of three months, two mice can turn into hundreds. If one female mouse gives birth to a litter every 20 – 30 days, and it takes females in that litter 6 weeks before they can start reproducing, the knock-on effect can leave you with an epic infestation in a short amount of time.
What to Do to Protect Your Home and Business
Mice and rats carry diseases. If you suspect you have these vermin-carriers in and around your home or workplace, ending the problem before a full-blown infestation is essential. The best way to do this is by calling in expert pest control teams to guarantee a vermin-free environment.
Professional pest control companies will only use rodenticides as the very last resort and once the mice have been denied all food access. Pest control companies will take other factors into account, such as pets and young children or nearby wildlife, birds, and other considerations prior to treating mice and rats. The peace of mind of a rodent-free environment is only a phone call away.